In almost all religions of the world, there are some nights and days which are deemed very significant and important. In Islam, some people like to believe and even celebrate one of such nights call Shab e Barat (شبِ برات). This night is also sometimes called “mid-Shaban” as it falls on the midnight between the 14th and 15th of Shaban. This is also the time of the sighting of the full moon and as many things in Islam are associated with the growth and decline of the phases of the moon, Shab-e-Barat also has some kind of connection to that.
Shab-e-Barat Celebrations 2019
There are various religious traditions that are followed when celebrating this night called Shab-e-Barat (شبِ برات). Women cook meals and send them out to dear ones along with the poor. Some people also like to light up their houses and burn firecrackers whereas in some Muslim communities, celebrating Shab-e-Barat (شبِ برات) in such a manner is looked down upon. Some people stay up the whole night to offer Nawafil, read the Holy Quran and praise Allah Almighty, the Lord of all living and dead in any way they want to.
The question now arises as to why this night which is called Shab-e-Barat is celebrated and why all these rituals are followed on this particular night. There are many historic traditions which tell us that it is the night which takes its significance from salvation. It is commonly believed that on this night, the fortunes and fates of all men and women are decided hence people pray all night long for a better and blissful remaining year. This night is also significant as sinners are said to be forgotten if the repent and seek forgiveness from Allah Almighty as much as they can.
In some communities that are Muslim, Shab-e-Barat is the night on which; if any of your loved ones have passed away, is honored. This is also done by reading the Quran and offering prayers as much as one can
In some Muslim countries, this is even a holiday and people get a day off. Especially in countries like Iran where a Shi’ite stream of Islam is followed, Shab-e-Barat is said to be the birth of the last of the 12 imams that the Shias believe in. Only the Twelver Shia Muslims believe in that so they celebrate it as the birthday of Imam Mehdi.
There is no particular mentioning of the Shab-e-Barat (شبِ برات) in the holy Quran however all these religious celebrations and rituals are carried out just as a religious tradition/custom that has been going on for years. Some people also like to fast in this day so that they can attain Allah’s grace and maximum blessings from Allah Almighty Himself. The idea is to make yourself such a good Muslim that you pray every night as you would on Shab-e-Barat as these things like praying to Allah, praising and being thankful to Him along with seeking His forgiveness are the key to being successful in this life and also in the hereafter.
15th of Sha’ban Goes by Several Names
The 15th of Sha’ban goes by several names, depending on the country in which it is observed. Most can be categorized into two general meanings:
- Mid-Sha’ban or Half of Sha’ban. Named after the day’s chronological position in the eighth month of the Islamic calendar:
- Nisf(u) Sha’ban (Arabic: نصف شعبان),
- Nisfu Syaaban (Malay: نيسفو سيابان)
- Nim Sha’ban (Persian: نيم شعبان)
- Bara’at Night. Bara’at is an Arabic noun which is roughly translated to English as either innocence, records, assignment, deliveranceor salvation.
- Laylat al-Bara’at (Arabic: ليلة البراءة)
- Berat Kandili (Turkish: Berâet Kandili)
- Shab e Barat (Urdu: شبِ برات)